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Tesla car charging: how long does it take to charge a Tesla?

Last updated 11/5/2021

Tesla Motors produces some of the most talked-about electric cars in the industry, the Model S, Model X, Model 3, and Model Y. Marketed as luxury electric vehicles (EVs), Tesla’s stylish products come with a long travel range and a price tag to match. Understanding your Tesla charging station options is an important part of electric car ownership.

How long does it take to charge a Tesla? At home charging stations vs. Superchargers

Every Tesla comes with some basic charging options. When you buy your Tesla, you get a mobile charging cord and three adapters: one for a standard wall outlet (the NEMA 5-15), one for a higher-powered 240 volt wall outlet (the NEMA 14-50), and one for public charging stations (with the exception of Tesla Superchargers).

It can take anywhere from an hour to 12 hours to charge your Tesla. Your Tesla charge time is dependent on how full your car’s battery is and the type of charging station that you use. In the tables below, we'll assume the worst case scenario: you have a completely depleted battery and the car model with the largest battery.

Charge time for a Tesla Model S

Charger level Time to charge
NEMA 5-15 3 miles of range per hour
NEMA 14-50 17 to 18 hours
Wall connector 9 hours
Supercharger 30 minutes

Charge time for a Tesla Model X

Charger level Time to charge
NEMA 5-15 3 miles of range per hour
NEMA 14-50 18 hours
Wall connector 8 to 8 ½ hours
Supercharger 25 to 30 minutes

Charge time for a Tesla Model 3

Charger level Time to charge
NEMA 5-15 3 miles of range per hour
NEMA 14-50 8 to 12 hours
Wall connector 7 to 8 hours
Supercharger 25 to 30 minutes

Charge time for a Tesla Model Y

Charger level Time to charge
NEMA 5-15 3 miles of range per hour
NEMA 14-50 11 to 12 hours
Wall connector 7 to 8 hours
Supercharger 25 minutes

Types of Tesla car chargers

NEMA 5-15 charging for Tesla

The NEMA 5-15 charger for Tesla electric cars plugs into a standard wall outlet, and is the slowest type of Tesla EV charger available.  A standard Tesla charger with a NEMA 5-15 connector will be able to offer about 3 miles of range per hour of charging. This type of charging station is best for overnight use at home.

NEMA 14-50 charging for Tesla

The NEMA 14-50 charger for Tesla electric cars plugs into a 240 volt wall outlet, similar to the type used by your clothes dryer or other appliances. A standard Tesla charger with a NEMA 14-50 connector will be able to charge your Tesla battery completely in 10 hours (for the Model S) to 10 ½ hours (for the Model X).

Wall connectors for Tesla charging stations

Tesla offers at-home wall connector charging stations that serve as an “upgrade” from the standard charging cord provided when you purchase your Tesla. With the help of an electrician, you can install a wall connector to charge your Tesla Model S or Model X at your your home. A wall connector can fully charge your Tesla Model S battery in 6 to 9 hours, or your Model X battery in 6 ½ to 10 hours.

Tesla Superchargers

Tesla’s Supercharger stations are scattered throughout the country, making it possible for you to take your Model S or Model X on a road trip. These stations are only compatible with Tesla vehicles, and can charge your car fully in an hour to an hour and a half.

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How long does a Tesla car battery last?

On a single charge, the smallest Tesla battery (in the Model 3) will last for 262 miles. The highest range Tesla offers is 405 miles for one full charge of their Model S battery. 

Importantly, these numbers are not always exact, and it is important to always be proactive about charging your Tesla. Some factors that may affect the range your battery will take you are the way you drive, where you’re driving (highway versus backroad), and the size/model of your battery. 

Similar to the range for a single charge, the lifespan of a Tesla car battery could also fluctuate based on several factors. As a rule of thumb, Tesla batteries have a 300,000-500,000 mile lifespan, the equivalent of 21-35 years based on the average number of miles driven by Americans. 

How much does it cost to charge a Tesla?

Electric cars offer significant fuel savings on a day-to-day basis thanks to their efficient use of electricity as fuel. The cost to fully charge a Tesla depends on the car you have and where you live, because electricity prices vary from utility to utility and from state to state. The price to “fill up” a Tesla Model S battery at home ranges from $6.60 (in Washington state) to just over $21.00 (in Hawaii). For a Tesla Model X, prices will range from $6.70 (Washington) to nearly $22.00 (Hawaii).

To learn all about how much it costs to charge a Tesla, read our blog post about costs by model and more.

Cost to charge a Tesla Model S in top states

Location Per-kWh electricity rate Price of a full charge
California $0.14 $9.86
Colorado $0.12 $8.37
Hawaii $0.30 $21.23
Massachusetts $0.21 $14.49
Nevada $0.12 $8.62
New York $0.17 $12.12
Oregon $0.11 $7.48
Utah $0.11 $7.52
Vermont $0.18 $12.40
Washington $0.09 $6.60

Cost to charge a Tesla Model X in top states

Location Per-kWh electricity rate Price of a full charge
California $0.14 $10.14
Colorado $0.12 $8.60
Hawaii $0.30 $21.84
Massachusetts $0.21 $14.90
Nevada $0.12 $8.87
New York $0.17 $12.46
Oregon $0.11 $7.70
Utah $0.11 $7.73
Vermont $0.18 $12.76
Washington $0.09 $6.79
Charge your Tesla with solar and reduce your fuel costs to zero

When you buy an electric car, your fuel costs are equivalent to the cost of electricity you use to charge the car’s battery. By installing home solar panels with your EV, you can eliminate the need to pull any electricity from the grid. The result: emissions-free, low-cost electricity for both your home and your car. The average shopper on the EnergySage Solar Marketplace breaks even on their solar investment in just seven and a half years, and solar panels continue to generate useful electricity for 25+ years.

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